History of Shenzhen, China
Shenzhen holds a special place in history as the first Special Economic Zones (SEZ) of China. Shenzhen, China became so during the period when Hong Kong was thriving as a British Colony. Shenzhen was chosen among all the other regions because of its geographical proximity to Hong Kong, plus the fact that people in Hong Kong and Shenzhen shared a similar dialect as well as culture and traditional practices. Read on for more on the history of Shenzhen, China.
Shenzhen and Imperial China
As man settled in China, the population found its way to the costal region that is now Shenzhen. There the people established a way of life that had the sea incorporated into the very heart of their daily activities. Fossil remains and archeological artifacts, gathered from the coastal region, show evidence of modern civilization dating back thousands of years. It is also easy to find historical evidence of Shenzhen’s existence because China kept extensive records of the regions that fell under their rule.
Like other regions in imperial China, Shenzhen rose and fell together with the entire country. It started out as a fishing village that served only itself until the time that the empire found it useful as an alternative trading post during the age of extensive trade between China and several European nations. The once humble fishing village soon became a bustling port for import and export trade.
Shenzhen as a Special Economic Zone
Shenzhen will forever be remembered by the Chinese people as the very first Special Economic Zone in the country. It is also closely associated with the country’s late and great leader Deng Xiaoping who helped shape modern day Shenzhen. Den Xiaoping picked out Shenzhen as a Special Economic Zone because the region is closest to Hong Kong and her people share a dialect with Hong Kong as well as several cultural traits and traditions.
Shenzhen became an SEZ in 1979 in order to share in the glory and prosperity that Hong Kong (which was then a British colony) was experiencing at that time. The gamble paid off and Shenzhen quickly rose and became as prosperous as its counterpart.
Shenzhen and Chinese Socialism
Shenzhen as an SEZ was an experimental ground by which the Chinese government tried out their own form of Socialism, often referred to as: “Socialism with Chinese Characteristics”. It means that the state has control over the majority of the economy while at the same time allowing private corporations to take part in the economy. After the success of Chinese Socialism in Shenzhen, China then integrated the economic practice over the entire state.
Close Ties With Hong Kong
Hong Kong was the main reason why Shenzhen became an SEZ. In that process the two regions became inextricably linked even after the control of Hong Kong was given back to the Chinese government. At present the two regions continue to share close business ties as well as cultural characteristics.
Present Day Shenzhen
At present Shenzhen is one of the biggest cities in the “Pearl River Delta” region in China which is the countries top economic powerhouse. The Pearl River Delta is also the biggest base for manufacturing in the entire world.